Diabetes is a metabolic disorder that occur when the body cannot produce enough insulin (Type 1 diabetes), a hormone that regulates blood sugar (glucose).
Or it also occurs when the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces (Type 2 diabetes).
Diabetes is non-infectious and this means it cannot be spread from one person to another but if blood sugar levels are not controlled, diabetes can seriously damage other organs and systems over time.
According to the World Health Organization, it was reported that 8.5% of adults aged 18 years and older had diabetes and while in 2016, diabetes was the direct cause of 1.6million deaths and also in 2012. Diabetes is not age specific (although type 1 is commoner in children while type 2 is commoner in adults) and this means that we all have to ensure healthy living to stay clear of diabetes and other non-infectious diseases.
Although, diabetes can be genetically inherited, one’s lifestyle can also predispose to having diabetes or not and the good news is that diabetes is largely preventable and can sometimes be reversed (Type 2 diabetes).
Common symptoms of diabetes but not limited to:
- Increased thirst coupled with frequent urination
- Blurred vision
- Presence of ants around urine
You’re to note that a medical diagnosis by a physician is needed to confirm diabetes even if you have the mentioned symptoms. Rapid Blood glucose tests should be done occasionally by all age groups to know if they’re getting into the prediabetes stage.
Simple steps to lowering your risk
- Control your weight
- Avoid sedentary lifestyle
- Avoid smoking and alcohol
- Eat a healthy diet
There’s a popular saying that healthy eating is a cornerstone of healthy living, whether you have diabetes or not, you need to know how food affects your blood sugar levels. It’s not just what you eat but also in what proportion and in what combination with other food types. Taking steps to control or prevent diabetes doesn’t mean your nutritional needs are different from everyone else’s, but you need to pay attention to some of your food choices (most notably the carbohydrate, packaged foods that are high in sugar and sugary beverages).
Note: Prediabetes is a condition in which blood sugar is high, but not high enough to be described as diabetes. Most people are in the prediabetes stage and should follow the simple steps mentioned to lower their risk of entering the diabetes stage.