Hypertension affects at least 20% of all people some time in their lives. It can quietly damage your body for years before symptoms develop. Uncontrolled high blood pressure can lead to disability, a poor quality of life or even a fatal heart attack or stroke.
Treatment and lifestyle changes can help control your high blood pressure to reduce your risk of life-threatening complications.
Here’s a look at the complications uncontrolled high blood pressure can cause;
1. Damage to arteries:- Hypertension gradually increases the pressure of blood flowing through your arteries. As a result, you might have; Damaged and narrowed arteries and Aneurysm
2. Damage to heart:- Hypertension can cause many problems to your heart including; Coronary artery disease, Enlarged left heart, Heart failure.
3. Damage to brain:- The brain depends on a nourishing blood supply to work properly. But high blood pressure can cause several problems including; Transient Ischemic Attack, Stroke, Mild cognitive impairment etc
4. Damage to kidneys:- Kidney problems caused by high blood pressure include; Glomerulosclerosis, kidney failure etc
5. Damage to eyes:- High blood pressure can damage the tiny, delicate blood vessels that supply blood to your eyes causing; Damage to your retina, Nerve damage, Fluid build up under the retina.
6. Sexual Dysfunction:- The inability to have and maintain an erection becomes increasingly common in men as they reach age 50. But men with high blood pressure are even more likely to experience erectile dysfunction. That’s because limited blood flow caused by high blood pressure can block blood from flowing to the penis. Women can also experience sexual dysfunction as a result of high blood pressure. Reduced blood flow to the vaginal can lead to decrease in sexual arousal, vaginal dryness or difficulty in achieving orgasm.
High Blood Pressure Emergencies
High blood pressure is usually in chronic condition that gradually causes damage over the years. But sometimes, blood pressure rises so quickly that becomes a medical emergency requiring immediate treatment often with hospitalization.
1. Eating a healthy diet with less salt
2. Getting regular physical activities
3. Maintaining a healthy weight or loosing weight if you are obese.
4. Limiting the amount of alcohol you drink.
- N.B:- If you find out you’re hypertensive, kindly visit your doctor from time to time and avoid self medications.
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