Malaria is one of the most serious health issues facing the world today. The World Health Organization in 2019 estimates over 300million new cases of malaria arises every year, with approximately 2-3million deaths resulting from contraction.
It is endemic in Tropical region in Africa, with an estimation of 90% of the total malaria incidence and death occurring there, particularly amongst pregnant women and children.
Malaria is a serious illness, sometimes deadly which indicate a blood disease caused by Plasmodium parasite. It is transmitted through the bite of an infected female Anopheles mosquito which infused the parasite in the blood of the victim.
Symptoms usually appear between 10-15days after bite of an infected mosquito. If not treated, malaria can quickly become life threatening by disrupting the blonde supply to vital organs.
- Mild cases symptoms include:
- High fever
- Flu-like symptoms
- Headache and vomiting.
- Severe cases symptoms include:
- Pale skin indicating Anaemia
- Severe vomiting
This endemic disease can be prevented through the following;
- Sleeping under long lasting insecticidal bed nets (LLIN) to protect against mosquito bites
- Taking antimalarial medications during pregnancy to protect the lives of the mother and unborn children
- Cleaning up standing water around dwellings to eliminate breeding grounds for mosquitoes.
- Indoor spraying with an insecticide kills mosquito and reduces transmission
- Early diagnosis and prompt treatment with antimalarial medications can prevent malaria from being severe and deadly.
As much as we are taking precautions against the novel Pandemic Covid’19, we shouldn’t forget to take necessary measures against the already existing endemic malaria.
Stay safe_stay healthy_stay positive
HAPPY WORLD MALARIA DAY (25/04/2020)