Water is an inorganic, transparent, odourless and tasteless chemical compound composed of two atoms of hydrogen and one atom of oxygen (H2O). Although water has no carbs: proteins, carbohydrates, fats, it sometimes contains some minerals e.g sodium, calcium depending on the source from which it is gotten.
Water is an essential nutrient and it plays a key role in the human body. We can survive up to several weeks without food, but only a few days without water. Every system in the body, from cells and tissues, to vital organs, requires water to function.
In an average adult human water makeup to 60% of the body’s weight from 90% in blood, 31% in bones to 84% in the lungs. This shows how water is necessary for human survival.
Water allows the body to absorb and assimilate minerals, vitamins, amino acids, glucose and other substances and as well as transport these nutrients to all the cells in our body. Water helps dissolve minerals and nutrients, making them more accessible to all cells in our body via the blood. As stated earlier, 90% of the blood is composed of water. Hence, the transportation of nutrients to all the cells in our bodies as well as oxygen to the brain is attributed to water in the blood. This also shows that all other classes of food are dependent on the water before they can be utilized by the human body.
Water helps to regulate body temperature. Water that is stored in the middle layers of the skin comes to the skin’s surface as sweat when the body heats up. As it evaporates, it cools the body. Whereas, A person suffering from dehydration can’t produce enough sweat to keep himself cool.
Water aids digestion. Water aids digestion by helping to keep in motion in the intestine the food you have eaten. The bowel also needs water to work properly.
When enough water isn’t taken after meals, dehydration occurs which can lead to digestive problems such as; constipation and an overly acidic stomach. This increases the risk of heartburn and stomach ulcers.
Water helps to flush out toxins and wastes.
Though water doesn’t necessarily neutralize toxins, the kidneys do use water to get rid of certain waste products. If you don’t drink enough water, your kidneys don’t have the amount of fluid they need to do their job properly. If the body does not have sufficient water, then metabolic wastes will not be removed as efficiently as they should and this will cause the body to hold in toxins instead of expelling them as required for proper functioning.
Insufficient water can lead to kidney stones and other problems
Water consumption helps to lubricate the joints.
A component of synovial fluid, water is necessary to help prevent joint friction. Synovial fluid lubricates and cushions the joints and cartilage surrounding them, keeping bones from discomfort caused by the bones rubbing together.
Without any doubt, we have been able to look through the essentiality of water to the human body. It is important to know that your body loses water through breathing, sweating, and digestion.
In essence, in other to keep maintaining the proper functioning of the body, here are the action steps to take.
It is necessary to rehydrate by drinking enough water(4 – 6 cups), not just any water but a clean, transparent water free from contaminants such as pathogens, lead and nitrates which are harmful to human health; fluids and eating foods that contain water. This will contribute to the effectiveness of our bodies.
A daily rule of four-to-six cups of water is recommended for generally healthy people as appropriate. This should be taken gradually after meals, during exercise, while taking medicine, or at any other time.
Also, as it is possible to be dehydrated, so is it possible to take in too much water if you have certain health conditions, such as thyroid disease or kidney, liver, or heart problems; or if you’re taking medications that make you retain water. In such condition, seek advice from your doctor to be sure of the right amount of water you should drink daily.
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